Analysis of the Importance of Effective Criteria in the Transfer of Technology Process in Agricultural Mechanization

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Faculty Member, Department of Agricultural Machinery and Mechanization, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Rural Civil Engineering, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran.

2 PhD Candidate, Department of Agricultural Machinery and Mechanization, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Rural Civil Engineering, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran.

Abstract

Selection of appropriate technology is one of the most effective factors in agricultural mechanization. It is unavoidable to pay attention to transfer of technology in parallel with R&D, since there are many difficulties in the agricultural mechanization; e.g. the gap between technical and applied knowledge in the production of new technologies; obstacles in the commercialization and mass production of scientific findings, as well as the necessity of comprehensive macro-planning. In this study, effective criteria and sub-criteria in the process of transfer of technology of agricultural mechanization have been identified and ranked using Demetel method and network analysis. The results show that the degree of effectiveness and efficiency of technology transfer stages, including technology selection and acquisition, adaptation, absorption and application of technology, and technology development and dissemination, are equal to each other. Regarding the selection and acquisition of technology, the choice of supplier and the choice of transfer method have the greatest impact. Also, economic, policy and social sub-criteria and human capital development, guarantees and policies to guarantee goods and market position and credibility have been identified as sub-criteria and criteria. The ranking results show that job creation, compliance with national technological policy and research and development are the most effective criteria in the process of transfer of technology in agriculture.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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Volume 9, Issue 1
June 2021
Pages 165-197
  • Receive Date: 20 April 2021
  • Revise Date: 08 May 2021
  • Accept Date: 24 May 2021
  • First Publish Date: 24 May 2021