The Cognitive Microfoundations and Supportive Dynamic Capabilities of Innovation Ambidexterity in IT Companies

Document Type : Research Paper


1 no 62. 8th golestan- kashani highway, Tehran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran



Today, organizations need to enhance their capacities to manage the tensions between exploration and exploitation. The purpose of this research was to study the cognitive microfoundations and supportive dynamic capabilities of innovation ambidexterity. To conduct research, multiple-case study and classic grounded theory methods were used. Five IT companies in Iran were selected as cases. Interviews with top executives were conducted and several organizational documents were analyzed. The findings show that successful IT companies, nurture special capabilities within themselves to manage the ambidexterity tensions. These capabilities include the asymmetric balancing of the corporate portfolio, cuddling and admonition of human resources, fluidization of structure, adaptation of performance appraisal, managerial stabilization, physical and professional liveliness, and innovation acceleration. Moreover, the CEOs of successful companies were equipped with the cognitive frames of spectral future orientation, accelerated analytical orientation, Progressive time orientation, and Emotional ambivalence orientation, while using the cognitive mechanisms of preference, sequence, and verification. Therefore, the recruiting and training of cognitively capable CEOs, and developing and reinforcing the organizational capabilities which are supportive of ambidexterity, can facilitate the emergence and continuance of explorative and exploitative innovations in IT companies.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 08 September 2022
  • Receive Date: 19 March 2022
  • Revise Date: 25 June 2022
  • Accept Date: 15 August 2022
  • First Publish Date: 08 September 2022