Identifying demand- driven policy Instruments and locating Instruments in the stages of product life cycle

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student technology management, Tehran University campus Farabi

2 university of Tehran

3 Research Policy Institute of Science, Technology and Technology of Sharif University of Technology

4 Department of Business Management, Kharazmi University


Industrial innovation and development in different stages of the product life cycle require different policy instruments. The weakness and lack of demand-side approaches in decision-making and policies for the development of science and technology indicates importance of the problem. In the first section of the article, by method of Meta Synthesis, were categorized demand-side policy instruments. This categorization was made into four categories: government purchasing, regulation, standardization and support for private sector. In the next section, the paper intends to place the demand-side instruments of the previous phase in stages of the product life cycle in knowledge-based companies. This step was carried out by descriptive-analytical method with sampling in three types of knowledge based companies in Hamedan province. The results of this stage showed that according to the type of knowledge-based company, effective demand-side instruments were different at each stage of the product life cycle. Demand-side policies are one of the most important issues for knowledge-based companies to commercialize products, and these policies need to combine and adapt to supply side policies.


Main Subjects

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