ابعاد و مولفه های اکوسیستم کارآفرینی فناورانه در ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

کسب وکارهای فناورانه به عنوان مسیری مهم جهت تجاری‎سازی و اشاعه فناوری‏ها اثر مستقیمی در توسعه پایدار و سطح رفاه کشورها و جوامع دارند. شکل‎گیری و عملکرد مطلوب این کسب وکارها در گرو عملکرد مناسب زمینه‏ای است که تحت عنوان اکوسیستم کارآفرینی فناورانه معرفی می‏شود. مقاله حاضر با رویکردی چند مرحله‏ای بدنبال شناسایی و تعریف ابعاد و مولفه‏های چنین اکوسیستمی با توجه به مقتضیات کشور ایران بوده تا زمینه‎ساز توسعه و بهبود راهکارها و سیاست‎های توسعه کارآفرینی فناورانه در کشور باشد. در این فرآیند در ابتدا با بهره‏گیری از استراتژی فراترکیب ابعاد و مولفه‏های محتملِ این اکوسیستم از حوزه‎های مرتبط شناسایی شده و سپس با بهره‏گیری از استراتژی پیمایش و مبنا قراردادن پرسشنامه منتج شده از مرحله قبل، 19 مصاحبه ساختاریافته انجام و نتایج مربوطه مورد تحلیل قرار گرفته است. بر این اساس 129 مولفه‎ در دوازده بعد بازار، فرهنگ، کارآفرین فناور، استعدادها، آموزش و پژوهش، شبکه ها و تعاملات، پشتیبانی، سرمایه، حاکمیت، سازمان‏ها، شرایط ویژه و زیرساخت برای اکوسیستم کارآفرینی فناورانه کشور نتیجه‎گیری شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Dimensions and Components of Technological Entrepreneurship Ecosystem in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • AmirMahdi Maysami 1
  • Ghanbar Mohammadi Elyasi 2
  • Ali Mobini Dehkordi 2
  • Seyed Reza Hejazi 2
1 Entrepreneurship faculty, University of Tehran
2 Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Technological entrepreneurship is an important path for technology commercialization and has direct effects on sustainable growth & welfare of nations. Formation and performance of these businesses depend on a proper context that is referred to as technological entrepreneurship ecosystem (TEE). This research by adopting a multi-stage procedure tries to identify and define the dimensions and components of this ecosystem with regard to Iran's specific conditions. At first, based on the meta-synthesis strategy possible dimensions and components of this ecosystem have been identified from the related sources. Then, by adopting the survey strategy and using the concluded questionnaire of the previous stage, we conducted 19 structured interviews. The analysis of resulted data ended in 129 components and twelve dimensions of market, culture, technological entrepreneur, talents, education & research, networks & interactions, support services, capital, governance, organizations, special conditions, and infrastructure for the technological entrepreneurship ecosystem in Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technological Entrepreneurship Ecosystem
  • Dimensions and Components of Ecosystem
  • Ecosystem Framework
  • meta-synthesis
  • Qualitative Survey
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