واکاوی پنجره های فرصت یادگیری فناورانه در صنایع با محصولات و سامانه های پیچیده در کشورهای متاخر: صنعت توربین های گازی در ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مدیریت تکنولوژی-دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 استاد دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 استاد دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر

4 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

طی دهه های گذشته موضوع محصولات و سامانه های پیچیده در کشورهای متاخر مورد توجه پژوهشگران قرار گرفته است. با این حال، واکاوی یادگیری و همپایی فناورانه در این صنایع از منظر پنجره های فرصت مغفول مانده است. حتی پژوهش هایی که از دیدگاه پنجره های فرصت برای تببین پدیده هایی همچون چرخه های همپایی بهره گرفته اند تمایزی میان محصولات و سامانه های پیچیده با محصولات مصرفی با سیستم تولید انبوه قائل نشده اند. بنابراین، پژوهش حاضر با بهره گیری از رویکردی کیفی و استراتژی مطالعه موردی به واکاوی پنجره های فرصت در صنعت توربین های گازی در ایران به عنوان یک صنعت با محصولات و سامانه های پیچیده پرداخته است. بعلاوه، این پژوهش با مقایسه پنجره های فرصت صنعت توربین های گازی در ایران با پنج صنعت منتخب به شناسایی تشابهات و تمایزات میان آنها اقدام کرده است. یافته های این پژوهش بیانگر آن است که ترتیب پنجره های فرصت در صنعت توربین های گازی در ایران بدین صورت است: پنجره بازار داخلی، پنجره سیاست ها، یادگیری فناورانه و پنجره بازار خارجی به صورت محدود. یافته های این پژوهش با در نظر گرفتن رژیم فناورانه و بازار خاص محصولات و سامانه های پیچیده قابل توضیح است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Windows of Technological Learning Opportunities with Complex Products and Systems in Latecomer Countries: Gas Turbine Industry in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Safdari Ranjbar 1
  • Hossein Rahmanseresht 2
  • Manochehr Manteghi 3
  • Soroush Ghazinoori 4
1 PhD in Technology Management at Allameh Tabataba'i University
2 Professor at Department of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University
3 professor at Maleke Ashtar University
4 Assistant Professor at Department of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University
چکیده [English]

During last decades the subject of complex product systems (CoPS) in latecomer countries has been remarkably considered by many scholars. However, investigation of technological learning and catching up in these industries from windows of opportunity perspective has been overlooked. Even the research works that employed the windows of opportunity perspective to expose phenomena such as catch-up cycles, does not distinguish between products and complex systems with consumer products with a mass production system. So, the present study uses a qualitative approach and a case study strategy to explore the opportunity windows in the gas turbine industry in Iran as an industry with complex products and systems. Moreover, this study compared the windows of the gas turbine industry in Iran with the 5 selected industries to identify similarities and distinctions among them. Our findings show that the sequence of opportunity windows in the gas turbine industry in Iran is as follow: the opportunity window for the domestic market, the opportunity window of policies, technology learning window instead of technology opportunity window, and the window of opportunity for the foreign market. Some parts of our findings can be explained by considering the technological and market regimes for complex products and systems.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Opportunity Windows
  • Technological regime
  • Market regime
  • Complex products and systems
  • Gas Turbines
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