بررسی تاثیر حمایت از اختراع و نوآوری بر صادرات کشورهای شمال و جنوب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه ارومیه

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه ارومیه

3 دانشجوی دوره دکتری علوم اقتصادی دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

هدف اصلی این مطالعه، بررسی تأثیر حمایت از اختراع و نوآوری بر عملکرد صادراتی است. در این راستا دو نمونه در قالب کشورهای شمال و کشورهای جنوب شناسایی شده و مدل اصلی تحقیق برای دوره 1986 تا 2015 با استفاده از روش گشتاورهای تعمیم یافته سیستمی دو مرحله ای برآورد شد. نتایج اصلی تحقیق نشان داد که اثر حمایت از ثبت اختراع بر صادرات هر دو گروه از کشورها مثبت بوده به نحوی که کشش صادرات نسبت به شاخص حمایت از ثبت اختراع برای کشورهای شمال و جنوب بیش از 15/0 برآورد شده است. کشش صادرات نسبت به متغیر نوآوری نیز در هر دو گروه از کشورها مثبت بوده، با این تفاوت که میزان کشش صادرات نسبت به نوآوری در کشورهای شمال بزرگتر از کشورهای جنوب بوده است. همچنین متغیرهای تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه، سرمایه انسانی، سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی و بازبودن تجاری اثر مثبتی بر صادرات هر دو گروه مورد بررسی داشته است، هر چند که تأثیر این متغیرها در کشورهای جنوب بزرگ‌تر بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The impact of patent protection and innovation on exports in North and South countries

نویسنده [English]

  • khalil jahangiri 1
چکیده [English]

The main objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between patent protection, innovation and export performance. In this regard, two samples (North and South countries) identified and study model estimated using two-stage GMM estimator during 1986 to 2015. The results show that the patent protection was positive effect on exports in both groups of countries so as the elasticity of exports to patent protection in North and South countries was more than 0.15. The results also showed that the elasticity of exports to innovation was positive in both groups of countries, with the difference that the export elasticity in the North countries was larger than in the South. Also, GDP per capita, human capital, foreign direct investment and trade openness had a positive effect on the exports of both groups, although the impact of these variables was greater in the South countries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Intellectual Property Rights
  • patent protection
  • Innovation
  • Exports
  • North and South Countries
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