اثر همکاری مبتنی بر هدف و ساختار بر نوآوری محصول

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه امیرکبیر

چکیده

محیط متلاطم، رقابت فزاینده و نیازهای متنوع و متغیر مشتریان، نقش نوآوری را در بقا و ارتقای مزیت رقابتی شرکت‌ها برجسته کرده است. محدودیت منابع دانشی و نیاز به پاسخگویی سریع به تغییرات آن‌ها را به همکاری در نوآوری واداشته است. در سال‌های اخیر مطالعاتی پیرامون چگونگی و میزان اثر انواع روش‌های همکاری‌های بر نوآوری انجام شده است. مقاله حاضر با گونه‌شناسی انواع همکاری مبتنی بر هدف و ساختار در تلاش است اثر آن‌ها بر نوآوری محصول را بسنجد. داده‌ها با استراتژی پیمایشی از شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان پیرامون انواع همکاری‌های و نوآوری محصول آن‌ها گردآوری شده است. روایی به‌صورت محتوایی و پایایی نیز مبتنی بر آلفای کرونباخ معین گردید. نتایج نشان داد که همکاری علمی مهم‌ترین عامل در نوآوری بوده‌اند و همکاری بازار نیز کمترین تأثیر را بر نوآوری داشته است. همچنین در گونه همکاری بازار، همکاری با مشاور تأثیر معناداری بر خلق نوآوری داشته است؛ بااین‌حال همکاری با مشتریان، رقبا و تأمین‌کننده تأثیر معناداری روی خلق نوآوری نداشته‌اند. در بخش دوم نیز نتایج نشان داد که همکاری‌های بالادستی به‌طور معناداری اثرگذاری بیشتری بر نوآوری داشته و همکاری‌های پایین‌دستی کمترین تأثیر را بر نوآوری دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Collaborations on Product Innovation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Javad Soltanzadeh 1
  • Esmaeil Ghaderifar 1
  • Sadegh Khayatian 2
  • Hojat Rezaei Soufi 3
1 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Beheshti University
3 Department of Industrial engineering and management systems, Amirkabir University of technology
چکیده [English]

Turbulent environment, increasing competition and diverse and changing needs of customers, highlighted innovation role to promote firms’ competitive advantage. The limitations of knowledge sources and the need to respond quickly to their changes have led them to collaboration. In recent years, researchers have also been studying how and how to collaborate effectively. This paper aims to measure the impact of innovation on knowledge-based companies by typology of types of partnership-based, structured-based collaboration. A questionnaire was distributed among 185 sample companies, and they were asked to specify the types of cooperation. The results show that scientific cooperation is the most important collaboration type in creating innovation and market collaboration has the least effect on creation of product innovation. Of course, in this section, cooperation with the consultant has had a significant effect on the creation of innovation; however, cooperation with customers, competitors and provider has not had a significant effect on the creation of innovation. In the second part, the results also show that upstream collaboration has a significant effect on innovation and downstream collaboration has the least impact on creativity innovation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technological Collaboration
  • Product Innovation
  • Aim oriented Collaboration
  • Structure oriented Collaboration
 

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