عوامل کلیدی موفقیت در فرآیند پیاده‌سازی فناوری های تولید پیشرفته در بنگاه‌های صنعتی: شواهدی از صنعت خودرو کشور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 عضو هیات علمی / دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، تهران، ایران

3 دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

دو پیشران اصلی بر ساخت و تولید [جهانی موثر بوده‌اند: تغییرات گسترده تکنولوژیهای تولید و جهانی شدن بازارها. از این رو بنگاههای صنعتی برای حفظ لبه رقابتی خود به استفاده از تکنولوژیهای تولید پیشرفته روی آورده اند؛ لکن پیاده سازی تکنولوژیهای تولید پیشرفته به شکلی موفق، چالش بزرگی است. برای پرداختن به این مساله رویکردهای مختلفی مطرح است که یکی از آنها را می توان شناسایی عوامل کلیدی موفقیت دانست. از این رو مطالعه حاضر بر مبنای روش شناسی تحلیل محتوا به مرور نظام مند ادبیات پرداخته و کوشیده است تا عوامل کلیدی موفقیت را شناسایی کند و سپس بر مبنای شواهدی از صنعت خودرو کشور، یافته‌های خود را به شکلی مقایسه‌ای با داده‌های تاریخی بیازماید. یافتههای این مطالعه گواهی میدهند که عوامل 13گانه کلیدی موفقیت بر این پدیده را میتوان در پنج مقوله جای داد: 1) فهم فرآیند پیادهسازی و تعاملات بیرونی، 2) مدیریت ارشد آگاه و حمایتگر، 3) نظام برنامهریزی و اجرایی همسو با استراتژی، 4) یکپارچگی سیستمی در درون سازمان و 5) توانمندسازی نیروی انسانی؛ که حضور پررنگ آنها میتواند علاوه بر موفقیتهای سطح فنی، موفقیتهایی در سطوح بالاتر کسب و کار را هم رقم بزند. پنل خبرگانی نهایی نیز موید این یافته‌ها بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Key success factors in the process of implementing advanced technologies in the industrial firms: Pieces of evidence from the automotive industry in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyed Mohammad Ali Khatami Firouzabadi 1
  • Seyyed Habibollah Tabatabaeian 2
  • Mohammad Ali Dashti 3
1 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University
2 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabatabae'i University
3 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University
چکیده [English]

Two main drivers have a dramatic effect on the structure of the manufacturing industry in the world; the first is the rapid advancement in manufacturing technologies and the second is the globalization of markets. In order to protect their competitive edge, industrial firms have shown a great passion for advanced manufacturing technologies. However, successful implementation of these technologies is a huge challenge for the managers. Based on the content analysis methodology, this study has a systematic approach to the literature review. By reviewing four cases, the aim of this study is identifying key success factors in Iran’s automotive industry and also providing a more realistic image of these factors within the industry. The results show that there are 13 types of key success factor in this area. These factors can be divided into five categories: 1) understanding the implementation process and external interactions; 2) supportive and cognizant top management; 3) a planning and implementation system that aligned with strategy; 4) system integrity in the organization; 5) empowerment of human resource. Presence of these factors can lead to not only technical improvements but also succeeds at higher business levels. Findings of the study are approved by an expert panel.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Advanced Manufacturing Technology (AMT)
  • Successful Technology Implementation
  • Content Analysis
  • Systematic Literature Review (SLR)
  • key success factors
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