ارائه چارچوب تعمیق ساخت داخل با رویکرد شکل‌گیری بوم‌سازگان فناوری (مطالعه موردی پروژه ساخت داخل واگن مترو)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت تکنولوژی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران.

2 عضو هیئت علمی، مجتمع دانشگاهی مدیریت و مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر، تهران.

3 عضو هیئت علمی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران.

چکیده

علی‌رغم دغدغه فراوان پیرامون دستیابی به ساخت داخل در کشور، تاکنون سیاست‌ها و ابزارهای مختلف و عمدتاً عرضه‌محور جهت دستیابی به ساخت داخل در بسیاری از موارد دستاورد چندانی نداشته است. این مقاله رویکرد جدید و تقاضامحور شکل‌دهی بوم‌سازگان فناوری را به­عنوان راه‌حلی برای حل این مسئله معرفی کرده است. در این راستا پروژه ساخت داخل واگن مترو که مصوب سال 1398 است، مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته و جمع‌آوری داده‌ها با برگزاری 10 جلسه گروه کانونی و روش تحلیل مقایسه ثابت انجام شده است. بر اساس یافته‌های حاصل از مطالعه موردی، دستیابی به تعمیق ساخت داخل با چهار مقوله برنامه‌ریزی و تدوین استراتژی، طراحی مدل عملیاتی، شناسایی ظرفیت‌ها و توانمندی‌های داخلی و اجرای استراتژی در ارتباط است که این مقوله‌ها مشابهت زیادی با چهار فاز تحلیل، طراحی، استقرار و اجرا در چارچوب شکل‌گیری بوم‌سازگان دارد؛ بنابراین مقاله حاضر چارچوبی برای تعمیق ساخت داخل واگن‌های مترو با رویکرد شکل‌گیری بوم‌سازگان فناوری ارائه کرده است که می‌تواند در تلاش‌های آینده برای عملیاتی‌سازی سیاست‌های ساخت داخل در صنایع دیگر نیز مفید باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Framework For Deepening Local Content by Using Technology Ecosystem Perspective: A Case Study of Local Content Project in Subway Car

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Behzadi Ebrahimi 1
  • Manouchehr Manteghi 2
  • Soroush Ghazinoori 3
  • Mahdi Elyasi 3
1 PhD Student Technology Management, Department of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Faculty Member, University Complex of Management and Soft Technology, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
3 Faculty Member, Department of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Despite the great concern about achieving  local content  in Iran, the various policies and tools, mainly the supply-oriented ones in this regard have not been much successful in most industries in this country. This research introduces the technology ecosystem approach as a demand-driven tool to tackle the problem. In this regard, the case study of the local content project on subway cars, which was approved in 2019, has been reviewed and the data collection was done by holding 10 sessions of the focus group through  constant comparative analysis method. Based on the findings of this case study, deepening local content in subway cars is linked to the four topics of planning and strategy formulation, designing an operational model, identifying the internal capacities and implementing the strategy which are very similar to the four phases of analysis, design, deployment and implementation in the ecosystem lifecycle framework. As a result, findings of the case study confirm the influence of ecosystem perspective in the local content issues  and it can be tried in future researches more clearly to show the real performance of ecosystem perspective in local content studies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology Ecosystem. Local Content
  • railway transportation
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