تدوین چارچوب مفهومی قابلیت های پویای سازمانی با بهره‌گیری از رویکرد فراترکیب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت‌علمی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران.

چکیده

در دهه ­های اخیر مفهوم قابلیت‌های پویای سازمانی و نقش آن در توسعه سازمان‌ها توجه بسیاری از صاحب‌نظران مدیریت را به­ خود جلب کرده است. نظر­به ­اینکه مطالعات پیشین این حوزه، از حیث رویکرد، روش، نقطه تمرکز و دستاورد، تفاوت­ های زیادی داشته و هریک از پژوهشگران از جنبه‌ای متفاوت به این مقوله نگریسته‌اند، لزوم یکپارچه‌سازی پژوهش‌های پیشین و ارائه یک چارچوب برای جمع­بندی دانش موجود از قابلیت­های پویای سازمانی و درک بهتر و جامع ­تر مفهوم مذکور ضروری به ­نظر می‌رسد. در این پژوهش با بررسی مقالات منتشرشده از سال 1997 تا 2020 با به‌کارگیری روش فراترکیب، یک چارچوب مفهومی به‌منظور جمع ­بندی دانش موجود از مفهوم قابلیت‌های پویای سازمانی ارائه شده است. براساس چارچوب مذکور، پیشران‌های قابلیت‌های پویا که شامل پویایی‌های محیطی، فرآیندهای سازمانی، منابع سازمانی و ویژگی‌های فردی و رفتاری مدیر است بر مؤلفه‌های قابلیت‌های پویا از جمله قابلیت درک فرصت‌ها، قابلیت تصاحب فرصت‌ها، قابلیت ایجاد یک قابلیت، قابلیت برقراری ارتباط، قابلیت انعطاف‌پذیری و قابلیت بازآرایی و نوسازی قابلیت‌ها تأثیر می‌گذارند و درنهایت منجر به بهبود عملکرد و کسب مزیت رقابتی برای سازمان‌ها می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Formulating the conceptual framework of organizational dynamic capabilities by applying the meta-synthesis approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mirali Seyed Naghavi 1
  • Vajhollah Ghorbanizadeh 1
  • Davoud Hoseinpour 1
  • Amin Nedaei 2
1 Faculty member, Department of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Ph.D. candidate, Department of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In recent decades, the concept of dynamic organizational capabilities and their role in the development of organizations has attracted the attention of many management scholars. Given that previous studies, in this field, are very diverse in terms of approach, method, focus, and findings and each researcher has looked at this issue from different viewpoints, it is necessary to integrate previous studies and provide a more comprehensive understanding of the main concepts and conceptual framework. In this research, by reviewing the published articles from 1997 to 2020, using the meta-synthesis method, a conceptual framework has been presented in order to summarize the state of art knowledge of dynamic organizational capabilities. Accordingly, dynamic capability drivers (which include environmental dynamics, organizational processes, organizational resources, and the individual and behavioral characteristics of the manager) affect the dynamic capability components (such as opportunity perception, opportunity capturing, opportunity creation, communication, flexibility, and the ability to reset and update capabilities (leads to improved performance and competitive advantage for organizations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • environmental dynamism
  • Opportunity capturing
  • Reconfiguration
  • Competitive Advantage
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