مسیر توسعه توانمندی فناورانه بنگاه‌های متأخر در فرآیند فرارسی: مرور نظام‌مند پیشینه با روش فراترکیب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت‌علمی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران.

2 عضو هیئت‌علمی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران.

3 دانش‌آموخته دکتری، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر نحوه انباشت توانمندی‌ فناورانه بنگاه‌های متأخر را در فرایند فرارسی کشورهای در‌حال‌توسعه موردبررسی قرار می­دهد. بررسی پیشینه نشان می‌دهد که چارچوب جامع و یکپارچه‌ای برای شناسایی توانمندی‌ها و زیرتوانمندی‌های فناورانه مرتبط با مراحل مختلف فرآیند فرارسی وجود ندارد. براین‌اساس مطالعه حاضر در راستای پُرکردن این شکاف پژوهشی انجام شده است و سهم دانش‌افزایی اصلی آن، شناسایی توانمندی‌های فناورانه اختصاصی در هریک از مراحل فرارسی می‌باشد. دراین‌راستا با مقایسه و ترکیب یافته ­های مقالات منتشرشده طی سال‌های 1980 تا 2018 میلادی و از طریق به‌کارگیری روش فراترکیب، تلاش شده است تا به این سؤال محوری پاسخ داده شود که «توانمندی‌های فناورانه موردنیاز در هر مرحله از فرآیند فرارسی کدامند؟». جمع‌بندی تعاریف مختلف از توانمندی فناورانه، معرفی ارکان اصلی مفهوم‌سازی توانمندی فناورانه، گردآوری گونه‌شناسی‌های مختلف توانمندی فناورانه، مقایسه گام بندی‌های گوناگون فرآیند فرارسی، استخراج ساختار سلسله‌مراتبی توانمندی‌های فناورانه و تعیین توانمندی‌های فناورانه مرتبط با هر مرحله از مراحل فرارسی از دستاوردهای اصلی پژوهش حاضر به شمار می­روند. براین‌اساس با درنظرگرفتن شرایط زمینه‌ای، مدیران می‌توانند از چارچوب پیشنهادی در این پژوهش برای بهبود توانمندی‌های فناورانه بنگاه ­های اقتصادی و سازمان ­ها استفاده نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Developmental Path of Technological Capabilities in the Latecomer Firms through the Catch-up Process: A Systematic Review of the Literature by the Meta-Synthesis Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Arasti 1
  • Nima Mokhtarzadeh 2
  • Ismail Jafarpanah 3
1 Faculty Member, Department of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Department of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3 Ph.D., Department of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The focus of this study is on how the technological capabilities of the latecomer firms accumulate in the catch-up process. Literature study suggests that no comprehensive and integrated model specifies the technological capabilities of each catch-up phase. Therefore, the present study aims to fill this research gap. The main contribution of this study is to identify the dedicated technological capabilities in each catch-up stage. By comparing and combining the current findings in the literature during the years 1980 to 2018 with the meta-synthesis method, the following question is investigated: "What are the technological capabilities at each phase of the catch-up process?" The main findings of this study include summarizing the technological capability definitions, introducing the main pillars of technological capability conceptualization, collecting various typologies of technological capability, comparing different phases of the catch-up process, extracting the hierarchical structure of technological capability, and assigning each technological capability to its dedicated phase.  Given the findings of this study and the specific contextual conditions of the firm, managers can customize this framework for improving technological capabilities. This firm-specific roadmap specifies which technological capabilities should be developed and upgraded at which time frame.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technological Capability
  • Catch-up Process
  • meta-synthesis
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دوره 9، شماره 2
(ویژه نامه فرارسی فناورانه)
شهریور 1400
صفحه 129-162
  • تاریخ دریافت: 02 بهمن 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 29 مرداد 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 01 شهریور 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 شهریور 1400