تأثیر ویژگی‌های شخصیتی و اجتماعی تیم کارآفرینی بر نوآوری باز در شرکت‌های فناوری اطلاعات شهر تهران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت کارآفرینی، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران.

2 عضو هیئت‌علمی، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران.

چکیده

پیاده‌سازی فرایند نوآوری باز در شرکت‌ها به دلیل دشواری و چالش‌های آن، نیازمند یک تیم کارآفرینی توانمند است. بااین‌حال پژوهش‌های اندکی پیرامون تأثیر تیم کارآفرینی بر نوآوری باز انجام شده است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر ویژگی‌های شخصیتی و اجتماعی تیم کارآفرینی بر نوآوری باز در شرکت‌های فناوری اطلاعات شهر تهران است. در این پژوهش کمی جهت سنجش متغیرهای موردمطالعه از پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته مبتنی بر پیشینه استفاده شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش 3616 شرکت رایانه‌ای استان تهران (10848 نفر در قالب تیم‌های کارآفرینانه با میانگین 3 نفر) بود که 375 نمونه از آن‌ها انتخاب شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که ویژگی‌های شخصیتی و اجتماعی تیم کارآفرینی بر نوآوری باز تأثیر معنادار و مثبت دارد. همچنین گرایش کارآفرینانه دارای نقش میانجی‌ در رابطه ویژگی‌های شخصیتی و اجتماعی تیم کارآفرینی و نوآوری باز می‌باشد. انگیزه کارآفرینی نیز رابطه میان ویژگی‌های شخصیتی تیم کارآفرینی و نوآوری باز را تعدیل می‌کند، اما این متغیر رابطه میان ویژگی‌های اجتماعی تیم کارآفرینی و نوآوری باز را تعدیل نمی‌نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Personal and Social Characteristics of Entrepreneurship Team on Open Innovation in Information Technology Firms in Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Armin Artang 1
  • Afsaneh Bagheri 2
  • Morteza Akbari 2
1 M.Sc. Student of Enterprise Management, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran. Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Implementing an open innovation process in firms requires a capable entrepreneurial team because of its various problems and challenges. However, there has been little research on the impact of entrepreneurial teams on open innovation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of personal and social characteristics of the entrepreneurship team on open innovation in Tehran information technology firms. In this quantitative research, a researcher-made questionnaire based on the literature review has been used for the analysis of the variables. The statistical population of the study was 3616 information technology firms in Tehran (10848 people in the form of entrepreneurial teams with an average of 3 people) of which 375 were selected as the sample. Findings showed that the personal and social characteristics of the entrepreneurial team have a significant and positive effect on open innovation. Entrepreneurial motivations have a mediating role in the relationship between personal and social characteristics of the entrepreneurship and open innovation team. Entrepreneurial motivation also moderates the relationship between the personal characteristics of the entrepreneurial team and open innovation, but it does not moderate the relationship between the social characteristics of the entrepreneurial team and open innovation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Open Innovation
  • entrepreneurial team
  • personal and social characteristics
  • Entrepreneurial orientation
  • entrepreneurial motivation
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