مدل سازی جریان دانش در فرارسی کشورها در حوزه فناوری های خورشیدی با استفاده از فراداده های پتنت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران.

2 عضو هیئت علمی، پژوهشکده سیاستگذاری شریف، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران.

چکیده

فرارسی فناورانه در سال های اخیر به موضوع مهم در مطالعات مرتبط با توسعه فناوری تبدیل شده‌است. فصل مشترک همه پژوهش‌ها اینست که فرارسی فناورانه ارتباط مستقیم با دانش و جریان آن و ایجاد ظرفیت و انباشت توانمندی‌های فناورانه دارد اما موضوع قابل توجه این است که در بیشتر پژوهش‌ها، دوگانه‌ دانش خارجی-دانش بومی وجود دارد و مطالعاتی که به بررسی نقش همزمان و مکمل این دو نوع دانش در فرارسی پرداخته‌باشند، محدود است. در این پژوهش نقش جریان دانش در فرارسی حوزه فناوری‌های خورشیدی بدلیل اهمیت راهبردی این انرژی و همچنین ماهیت خطی بودن نوآوری در آن، بررسی شد. این پژوهش از نوع فن‌سنجی و بااستفاده از تحلیل استنادی و برروی فراداده‌های پایگاه پتنت دِرونت (1980 تا 2017) انجام‌شد. نتایج نشان‌داد که کشورهای موفق در ابتدا با استفاده از دانش خارجی، توانستند ظرفیت جذب خود را بالا ببرند. سپس این کشورها بیشتر به دانش درونی خود متکی و در نهایت علاوه بر تامین دانش برای خود، به منبع دانش فناورانه برای سایر کشورها تبدیل شدند. همچنین کشورهای موفق‌ توانستند در مسیر فرارسی علاوه بر اکتساب دانش خارجی، آنرا توسعه داده و دانشی خلق‌کنند که مورد استفاده روزافزون سایر کشورها قرار گرفته و بدین‌ترتیب نقش واسطِ اصلی اشاعه دانش را پیداکنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Modeling Knowledge Flow in Catch-up of Countries In the field of Solar Technologies Using Patent Metadata

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahboubeh Nourizadeh 1
  • Ali Maleki 2
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Science and Technology Policy Making, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Sharif Policy Research Institute (SPRI), Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Technological catch-up has become an important topic in studies of technology development in recent years. The common point of all research is that catch-up is directly related to knowledge and its flow and building capacity and accumulation of technological capabilities of countries.It is noteworthy that in most studies, there is a dual foreign-indigenous knowledge, and studies that have examined the simultaneous and complementary role of these two types of knowledge in catch-up are limited. In this study, the role of knowledge flow in the field of solar technologies due to its strategic importance of it and also the linear mode of innovation in it was investigated. This research was conducted using the method of citation analysis and on the metadata of the Derwent database (1980-2017).The results showed that successful countries were initially able to increase absorption capacity by using foreign knowledge. They then relied more on their indigenous knowledge and eventually, in addition to providing knowledge for themselves, became a source of technological knowledge for other countries. In addition to acquiring foreign knowledge, successful countries were also able to develop it and create knowledge that is used by other countries, and thus find the main mediating role of knowledge diffusion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • renewable energy
  • knowledge informal networks
  • technometrics
  • Technology Diffusion
  • Pajek software
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