نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه علوم و فنون هوایی شهید ستاری
2 استاد دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران
3 استاد دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر
عنوان مقاله [English]
This study aims to find the differnces of the Triple Helix (TH) relationship among university-industry-governemnt sectors and forign collaboration in Nano-related researches of Iran and Switzerland. Iran ranked 7 worldwile from 2014 in scientific nano-articles in Web of Science(WoS). Nevertheless, there is no satisfactory state in patents and other innovation-based indicators. While, the Switzerland ranked first in Global Innovation Index (GII) and has enjoyed a highly maintained status in Nano-related patent ranking. Bsed on dataset composed of WoS publications including at least one Iranian or Swiss author (separately), we investigated the paticipation share of each sector, sectoral combination, and synergic effect of the TH relationship. Statistical analysis suggest the presence of a dividing pattern of the TH collaboration between Iran nad Switzerland: Switzerland had very higher paticipation in industry sector, very more bilateral and trilateral collboration, and higher synergic effect of TH relationship than Iran. These findings have implications for Iran to promote the paticipation of the industry sector in scientific research and better using it’s scintific potential to technology and innovation development.