پویایی‌شناسی اثر سیاست‌های مرکز رشد فناوری اطلاعات بر تاب‌آوری شرکت‌های فناور مستقر در آن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 پژوهشگر پسادکتری پویایی شناسی سیستم‌ها، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

2 مدیر گروه پژوهشی پویایی شناسی سیستم‌ها در موسسه آموزش عالی امام جواد (ع)

3 کارشناسی مهندسی صنایع، موسسه آموزش عالی امام جواد(ع) یزد

چکیده

پارک‌های علم و فناوری و مراکز رشد با ایجاد زیرساخت‌های لازم و ارائه خدمات با ارزش افزوده بالا به تاب‌آوری شرکت‌های فناور کمک می‌کنند. مطالعات مختلف اثرات پارک‌ها و مراکز رشد فناوری را متفاوت دانسته و آن را متأثر از سیاست‌های این مراکز می‌دانند. در این راستا با توجه به سیاست‌های خاص مرکز رشد فناوری اطلاعات پارک علم و فناوری یزد و از آنجا که در این مرکز از شرکت‌های پذیرش‌شده تعدادی موفق و پایدار و تعدادی ناموفق بوده‌اند، در این پژوهش با تکیه بر رویکرد پویایی‌شناسی سیستم‌ها اثر سیاست‌های مرکز رشد بر تاب‌آوری شرکت‌های فناور مستقر در آن بررسی شد. بدین منظور مدل‌سازی اسنادی (بررسی ادبیات موضوع) و گروهی (مصاحبه با تعدادی از مدیران مرکز رشد فناوری اطلاعات و شرکت‌های مستقر در آن) برای بررسی تاب‌آوری در سطح بنگاه در دستور کار قرار گرفت. بر­این­اساس شبیه‌سازی مدل نشان داد که سیاست‌های مرکز رشد بر عملکرد شرکت‌ها مؤثر است و شیوه نظارت بر شرکت­ها باید به جای تکیه بر خوداظهاری شرکت‌ها به سمت پایش و ارزیابی واقعی عملکرد آنها تغییر کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Dynamics of the Impact of Yazd IT Incubator Policies on the Resilience of its Firms

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Haji Gholam Saryazdi 1 2
  • Sara Sohrabi 3
1 System Dynamics Postdoc Researcher at Faculty of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
2 System Dynamics Postdoc Researcher at Faculty of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
3 BSc in Industrial Engineering, Imam Javad University College, Yazd. Iran.
چکیده [English]

Science and Technology Parks and technology incubators lead to the resilience of technology firms by creating the necessary infrastructure and providing high value-added services. Various studies have differentiated the effects of technology parks and technology incubators and considered them to be influenced by the policies of these centers. Considering the particular policies of the IT incubators of Yazd Science and Technology Park and since some of the firms located in the park have been successful and stable and some other unsuccessful, the effect of incubator policies on the resilience of technology firms based in it was investigated in this study through the System Dynamics Approach. For this purpose, document model building (review of the literature) and group model building (interviews with several managers of the Information Technology incubator and firms located in it) were used to examine the firm-level resilience. The model simulation shows that the incubator's policies affect the performance of firms and it should move towards real evaluation instead of self-expression by the firms.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Firms Resilience
  • IT Technology Incubator
  • Policies of Incubator
  • System Dynamics
  • Yazd Science and Technology Park
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