ارایه مدل سنجش موفقیت انتقال فناوری در صنایع پتروشیمی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مهندسی صنایع، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه امام حسین (ع)، تهران.

2 عضو هیئت‌علمی، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه امام حسین (ع)، تهران.

3 عضو هیئت‌علمی، گروه مدیریت و صنایع، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر ، تهران.

چکیده

اهمیت کسب فناوری در موفقیت سازمان‌ها بر کسی پوشیده نیست. سازمان‌ها به‌طور دائم در تلاش برای دستیابی به فناوری‌های جدید هستند تا نسبت به رقبای خود برتری یابند. از مهم‌ترین راه‌های کسب فناوری، انتقال فناوری است؛ براین‌اساس تدوین شاخص‌های سنجش موفقیت انتقال فناوری، چارچوبی برای آگاهی از میزان و کیفیت موفقیت انتقال فناوری فراهم می‌کند. باتوجه‌به سهم صنایع پتروشیمی در اقتصاد ملی و اهمیت فناوری و انتقال آن در این صنعت، پژوهش حاضر به ­دنبال ارائه مدلی برای اندازه‌گیری میزان موفقیت انتقال فناوری در صنایع پتروشیمی کشور است. دراین‌راستا می‌بایست شاخص‌های متناسب با شرایط حاکم بر فضای کشور توسعه یابد. پژوهش حاضر ازنظر هدف کاربردی و ازنظر نحوه گردآوری داده‌ها پیمایشی است. براین‌اساس باتکیه‌بر پیشینه پژوهش، شاخص‌های موفقیت انتقال فناوری استخراج شد و ضمن جمع‌بندی شاخص‌ها با به‌کارگیری نظرات خبرگان، پرسش‌نامه پژوهش طراحی شد. در­ ادامه با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی ابعاد تشکیل‌دهنده موفقیت انتقال فناوری شناسایی شدند و به‌وسیله تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مدل ارائه‌شده، آزمون شد. درنهایت مدل سنجش موفقیت انتقال فناوری در چهار بُعد 1) کسب توانمندی دانشی و فناورانه، 2) دستاوردهای اقتصادی و تأثیر بر بازار، 3) افزایش توان فنی، عملیاتی و پژوهشی و 4) تحقق اهداف راهبردی تبیین و ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Presenting a Model for Measuring the Success of Technology Transfer in Iran's Petrochemical Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Milad Gholamnejad 1
  • Masoud Movahedi 2
  • Manouchehr Manteghi 3
  • Shahram Ali yari 2
1 Ph.D. student of Industrial Engineering, Department of Industrial Engineering, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Department of Industrial Engineering, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Department of Management and Industries, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

It is established that acquiring technology is important for the success of companies. Companies constantly strive to acquire new technologies to compete with each other. One of the most important ways to acquire technology is technology transfer. The paper aims to present a model that can determine the success rate of technology transfer. It is built by using the quantitative indicators to determine the extent and quality of technology transfer. Due to the  share of petrochemical industries in the national economy and the importance of the technology and its transfer in this industry, the paper selects this sector as its case study.
The  enquiry uses applied research. The methodology is survey for collecting the data. Through the literature review, the success indicators of technology transfer are extracted. Then, based on the opinions of experts, these indicators were examined. The result leads to design the paper's questionnaire. Using exploratory factor analysis, the dimensions that make up the success of technology transfer are identified, and the proposed model is tested using confirmatory factor analysis. Finally, the model for measuring the success of technology transfer is presented in four dimensions: 1) acquiring knowledge and technological capabilities, 2) economic achievements and the impact on the market, 3) increasing technical, operational and research capacity, and 4) achieving strategic goals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Effectiveness of technology transfer
  • Technology development
  • Exploratory Factor Analysis
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
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  • تاریخ دریافت: 04 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 03 بهمن 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 30 بهمن 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1400